Capsicum Frutescens

Red pepper (E); Aji (P); Aji picante (S); Caja (Cu); Chile (P); Kapur (Cu); Rocoto (C) . Red pepper, commonly cultivated and escaped, is not so much used in Panama as it is in Mexico. In Africa, the fruits or leaves are taken as antidotes after eating poisonous fish. In San Bas, Indians string hot peppers behind their boats as shark repellents (!). Powdered and dried, the pimento is converted into paprika. The leaves are used to flavor stews or as a potherb, with 4-6% protein. Red pepper has many medicinal attributes. Some South American Indians use a pepper collyrium to improve the sharpness of their vision. The fruit is regarded as stimulant, stomachic, and rubefacient. It is taken internally in cholera, for sore throat, phthisis, given with cinchona for malaria, prescribed in ague, cholera, dropsy, dyspepsia, gout, malaria, snakebite, and typhus; used externally for giddiness, earache, and hemorroids. In Panama, a poultice of pepper leaves is used for softening boils. The following story would suffer in translation: "Friede ha sacado a luz el episodio de la mujer e un encomendero del alto Magdalena, que por celos de una India, en un gesto larguiano le metio un platano untado de aji por la natura." In Ailigandi, pepper and cacao are burned for 7 or 9 days to ward off evil spirits (!). Elsewhere the fruits are burned to drive off rats. The "ajillo", Capsicum baccatum, is also common. The green fruit is pickled and the ripe fruit is used in salads and sauces. The green pepper is cultivated among the Cuna, who call it caja.

EthnoBotanical Dictionary. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Capsicum frutescens — Taxobox name = Capsicum frutescens image width = 250px image caption = regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida subclassis = Asteridae ordo = Solanales familia = Solanaceae genus = Capsicum species = C. frutescens binomial …   Wikipedia

  • Capsicum Frutescens — Cayenne Cay*enne, n. [From Cayenne, a town and island in French Guiana, South America.] Cayenne pepper. [1913 Webster] {Cayenne pepper}. (a) (Bot.) A species of {Capsicum} ({Capsicum frutescens}) with small and intensely pungent fruit. (b) A very …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • Capsicum frutescens — C. f. var. abbreviatum C. f. var. cerasiforme C. f. var. conoides C. f. var. fasciculatum C. f. var. tabasco C. f. cv Malagueta El Capsicum frutescens es un arbusto de la familia de las solanáceas, una de las cinco especies cultivadas del género… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Capsicum frutescens — noun plant bearing very hot medium sized oblong red peppers; grown principally in the Gulf Coast states for production of hot sauce • Syn: ↑tabasco pepper, ↑hot pepper, ↑tabasco plant • Hypernyms: ↑capsicum, ↑pepper, ↑capsicum pepper plant …   Useful english dictionary

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