Anacardium Occidentale

L.
Cashew (E); Maranon (S); Uaipinu (Cu); Merey (C) . The cashew, an excellent food source, is widely cultivated and naturalized in the savannahs of Panama. The swollen stalk of the cashew nut, termed the "apple", is more in demand among Latins than the nut. The antiscorbutic "apple" may be eaten raw, but the hull is astringent, and the nut must be avoided until after it has been roasted (!). Cashews belong to the poison oak family, and hypersensitive people might be wary of the whole cashew plant. The wood was responsible for the "swizzle-stick epidemic" in Georgia in 1958. When roasting the nut, one should carefully avoid the smoke, as it is very caustic. The nuts, once roasted, are very nutritious, having high fat, protein, and vitamin A content. Roasted nuts in Asia are mixed with palm sugar and coconut meat to form a sweetmeat. In Indonesia, the nuts are fried in coconut oil. In Africa, they are boiled in soups. The "apple" juice may be fermented to form alcoholic beverages or vinegars, or made into jelly. The young leaves are eaten raw with rice in Java and Malaya. Cuna Indians shave bark from this and Spondias to make a tea, sweetened to taste, for asthma, colds, and congestion. This is followed by drinking the juice from banana stems to restore strength and contain 4-5% protein. The bark of some species of Anacardium is used as a fish poison, and the flesh of the fish is not rendered toxic by the process. The juice exuding from incisions in the bark is used as an indelible ink. An acrid oil in the hull of the fruit has served as an anesthetic. The seed oil is believed to be amebicidal and alexeritic, and is used to treat gingivitis, malaria, and syphilitic ulcers. The fruit is reputedly antiscorbutic. The juice of the fruit is used to treat haemoptysis. The sap is said to be discutient, fungicidal, and repellent. A gargle of the leaf decoction is used for sore throat. Gum from the bark is said to be obnoxious to insects. Similar uses are reported for cardol. the oil has been used to kill mosquito larvae in Los Santos. A tea is made from the pinkish inner bark, effective in diabetes (!). In Cuba, resin used in cold treatments.

EthnoBotanical Dictionary. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anacardium occidentale — «Merey» redirige aquí. Para la comuna francesa, véase Merey (Eure).   Anacardium occidentale …   Wikipedia Español

  • Anacardium occidentale — Anacardier Anacardier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anacardium occidentale — Kaschu Cashewbaum (A. occidentale), Illustration aus Koehler 1887 Systematik Unterklasse: Rosenähnliche (Rosidae) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Anacardium occidentale — vakarinis anakardis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Anakardinių šeimos maistinis, vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Anacardium occidentale), vedantis valgomus tariamuosius vaisius (sultingus vaiskočius) ir riešutus. Paplitęs Pietų Amerikoje.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Anacardium occidentale — Cashew Ca*shew (k[.a]*sh[=oo] ), n. [F. acajou, for cajou, prob. from Malay k[=a]yu tree; cf. Pg. acaju, cf. {Acajou}.] 1. (Bot.) A tree ({Anacardium occidentale}) of the same family which the sumac. It is native in tropical America, but is now… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Anacardium occidentale — ID 3616 Symbol Key ANOC Common Name cashew Family Anacardiaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution PR, VI Growth Habit Tree Duration …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Anacardium occidentale — noun tropical American evergreen tree bearing kidney shaped nuts that are edible only when roasted • Syn: ↑cashew, ↑cashew tree • Hypernyms: ↑nut tree • Member Holonyms: ↑Anacardium, ↑genus Anacardium …   Useful english dictionary

  • Anacardium occidentale — …   Википедия

  • Anacardium occidentale L. — Symbol ANOC Common Name cashew Botanical Family Anacardiaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Anacardium — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Anacardium Anacardium occidentale Clasificación científica …   Wikipedia Español

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